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Friday, March 18 • 9:50am - 10:30am
PS23.0 The Spatial Dimension of the Relationship between Concentrated Poverty and Health: An Analysis of U.S. Metropolitan and Micropolitan Areas, 2001-2010

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This paper aims to explore the spatial relationship between health outcomes and the distribution of concentrated poverty and economic segregation across U.S metro areas. There has been much attention afforded to the issue of rising inequality and pockets of intense poverty in general, and an ongoing debate exists on the magnitude and scope of the associated impacts on various societal conditions. Much of the attention has traditionally been placed on the link between economic inequality and health, particularly in social science research. This paper recognizes a gap in the research by way of looking at the effect of concentrated poverty on the processes furthering disparities in health attainment through economic isolation of neighborhoods and increasing marginalization of distressed urban population groups. The author constructs a multilevel model to analyze pooled data for the years 2001 and 2010 from the BRFSS and ACS national level surveys at both the individual and metropolitan/micropolitan (MMSA) scales. The second component to the analysis relies on spatial autocorrelation and the estimation of the Global Moran's I index using GIS software to identify and quantify hot spots of high poverty (at the census tract level) within MSAs, as well as identify trends and changes over the time period of the analysis as these relate to health outcomes and risk factors. Preliminary results show a relatively strong, persistent, and significant association between the metro-level geographic distribution and patterning of poverty and the level of health disparities for a given MSA. Finally, the paper concludes with conclusions and recommendations for policy.

Speakers
avatar for Straso Jovanovski, Rutgers University - Camden

Straso Jovanovski, Rutgers University - Camden

PhD Candidate, Public Affairs (Community Development track), Rutgers University - Camden
I am interested in community-level health care delivery; studying the impact of health care initiatives and programs targeted at vulnerable populations in the distressed urban environment. I like using GIS mapping software in portraying trends and patterns relating to health care... Read More →


Friday March 18, 2016 9:50am - 10:30am PDT
Indigo West Foyer